Sunday, 1 March 2020

How To Learn To Draw In Pencil Step By Step [The Most Complete Guide]. Learn Easy Techniques To Draw By Pencil.

Welcome to another quick guide to learning how to draw, this time we are going to focus on pencil drawing. Mastering the pencil drawing technique is extremely important since it will allow you to later delve into another type of drawing.

How To Learn To Draw In Pencil Step By Step
How To Learn To Draw In Pencil Step By Step

This will be a somewhat extensive guide, but the important thing is that you will find all the necessary tips to master the pencil drawing technique .

First of all we will start by talking a bit about the basic materials, then the techniques to achieve different finishes: drawings with shadows , realistic, landscapes, in 3D, animals, etc.

Drawing objects and people in such a way that they seem real is a very simple way to impress others, the basic fundamentals are easy to learn and with practice you will easily become a great artist.

Learning to draw in pencil is essential , as I said it will serve as practice to improve techniques, and best of all, when drawing in pencil you have the possibility of erasing the strokes and improving them.

After you have mastered the pencil technique, you can start creating impressive works of art with colors, do not worry, in this article you will also find tips for drawing with colored pencils .

And finally after mastering the technique with pencils, you will be able to venture into paintings, watercolors or charcoals ...

The drawings with these last materials have slightly different techniques, so they will be discussion material for another occasion.

If you want to learn anything professionally , don't hesitate to visit this article step by step.

Now if ... Let's start!

Pencil Drawing Materials

You don't think you only need a pencil, do you?

How To Learn To Draw In Pencil Step By Step
How To Learn To Draw In Pencil Step By Step
For a pencil drawing to be perfect, you will need other essential materials, these materials will make your art look much more professional and you will also realize that your learning will be much more advanced.

Now I made you a list so that you have at hand the best drawing materials, a list with which you will be able to have at hand those instruments necessary to become the best.

Materials To Learn To Draw In Pencil
To start drawing in pencil you will need appropriate tools and in addition to knowing how to give them the exact use, since it is useless to have all the materials and not know how to use them.

1. PENCILS. The main tool is the pencil, these will allow you to easily trace shadows and add reflections or highlights , later I will explain how to add shadows and highlights.

It is also important that you know that pencils have different degrees of hardness (they use more or less graphite). The harder the pencil, the softer the mark you make. Use the different types depending on the tone you want.

Hard pencils are labeled with an H and soft pencils with a B. The higher the number that accompanies the letter , the harder the pencil will be. There is also a standard pencil ... the HB.

2. USE PROPER PAPER. Depending on the medium you choose (pencil, color, charcoal, paints), you should make sure to get the appropriate paper. In our case we will focus on the appropriate paper for pencil or colored drawings.

If possible get an acid-free paper , this will prevent the drawings to turn yellow over time or wear.

3. DIFFUMINATOR. A smear is a pencil-shaped roll of paper with a rough tip. Its tip is used to blur the charcoal or the pencil , forming soft degrees of shadows in the drawing.

You will need to polish it every time it is filled with charcoal or graphite due to the pencils.

4. DRAFT. When making pencil drawings, the eraser not only helps us to remove errors, it is also important to create shine.

The easiest to use are plasticine pencil erasers , as they are easy to shape to erase small details.

How to learn to draw well in pencil?

The pencil drawing technique is a technique that many begin , but in which few specialize. If done well and worked on, the results can be quite impressive.

Below I will list some tips for you to learn how to draw well in pencil .

  1. It is essential that you draw every day , even if it is 5 minutes or small drawings. Practicing daily will give your strokes greater ease, and will help you measure the force to be applied to the strokes.
  2. Evaluate your flaws , most flaws when we start drawing are in proportion, to better observe flaws, you can see your drawing reflected in a mirror or from other positions .
  3. Try to carry a notebook and pencil with you whenever you can and when you do nothing, draw the first thing you see . This will make you exercise making multiple drawings of different topics.
  4. If your drawing is based on your imagination and you don't have a clear model ... Get inspired! Take inspiration from magazines, photos or newspapers; the important thing is that you don't try to copy it .
  5. Avoid using other instruments , such as rulers or compass, try to do the entire freehand drawing. Although it is more complicated, the result will be more natural and realistic.
  6. Make small sketches, this way it will be easier for you to see how all the elements fit together, evaluate the proportions and decide the size of each figure that will be in your final drawing.
  7. To choose the colors , it is better to think of them as a set , combine the colors not only for the hue but also for their saturation, use the same range of colors.
How to learn to draw professionally in pencil?

Once you have mastered the general techniques for drawing, it is important to pay attention to the details , since it is these that will make your drawings look more professional .

To make more professional drawings use a fine point mechanical pencil for small details , such as eyelashes and wrinkles, this will make them easier and make them more real. As in the general recommendations, to draw professionally you should also draw frequently , paying special attention to detail.

Practicing often helps improve your skills quickly.

Faces are one of the most detailed structures , drawing skin and hair realistically is one of the most difficult skills to develop.

To draw the hair , remember to draw it in sections, since as it grows, each section must have shadows and highlights to make it look more real .

Finally, one last tip to create drawings in a professional way is to draw what you really see and not what you think you see. You may wonder ... How can I draw something different from what I see? Or what do I mean when I say to draw what you really see?

It's pretty simple, our brains tend to generalize images , so we generally see images without paying attention to detail. So pay attention and recreate what your brain tends to eliminate. This will help create more realistic and professional drawings , to improve the perception of details, I recommend looking at what you want to draw from a different point of view. You can do this by flipping the image or seeing it in its reflection.

If you want to draw something realistically, be sure to draw the elements that make it unique .

How to learn to draw shadows in pencil?

Drawing pencil shadows on your drawings will add depth, contrast, personality and movement to each of your works. This will give them a more realistic appearance either for your fun or to improve your skills as an artist.


I recommend using a soft pencil, that is, type B, since it is easier to blend shadows with a soft pencil than with a hard one. Another important thing is to choose a high-quality drawing paper for best results.


This step in simple words is to make the drawing you want to shade, start by making simple, easy and everyday drawings ; This will make it much easier for you to add shading and evaluate realism.If you want to take a photograph as a drawing, I recommend printing it or looking for one that is in grayscale so shading will be easier.


Surely you wonder what is a scale of values?

This is basically setting the light and dark levels that you will use in your drawing, this will help you determine the different depths that you are going to use.

For the scale to be complete, these values ​​must go from white to black, passing through various shades of gray, although most objects only require 5 contiguous values ​​on the scale.


The light shadow will help guide the shadows. The shadows you draw will extend in the opposite direction to the light source, that is, the brightest or brightest parts will be closer to the light and the darkest parts will be the furthest.


For this, perform in very soft and light shading throughout your drawing, this will help you not to start from scratch when you add the darkest shading, it will also allow you to establish the areas of greatest brightness.


In this step you will darken the shadows little by little, adding light gray layers one after the other, remembering that the darkest areas are opposite to light.

Be guided by your scale of values, which will allow you to be constant in the tones you use, an important aspect when shading is that the contours of the drawing are gradually lost, since they become much softer.


This last step is essential to add a uniform touch to your drawing, so the rough edges are smoothed and a more gradual and realistic shading is obtained. For this you can use a diffuser, your fingers or cotton swabs.

After blending, use an eraser to correct the brightness of the areas that have been accidentally blurred.

GENERAL RECOMMENDATION. Place a piece of paper between your hand and the drawing to avoid scattering the grays and staining your drawing.

Place the pencil almost horizontally with respect to the paper, trying to make the shadow with the flat part, so you achieve a better effect without damaging the paper.
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