Monday, 30 March 2020

How to learn to paint beautifully in watercolor. Acrylic painting technique: basic concepts

How to use acrylic paints? This science is simple, but it has many significant nuances. It is practically not necessary to learn how to apply them correctly on the chosen base: acrylic painting does not require special techniques. Quite the contrary, with these paints you can work in any style and on any surface. Acrylic is perfect for both a spatula and conventional art brushes. The structure of the paintings allows fine and elegant lines and broad strokes to be drawn on the image with equal success.
How to learn to paint beautifully in watercolor
How to learn to paint beautifully in watercolor

Today we will consider what is better to draw with acrylic paints.

The canvas - This is an ideal base for acrylic, because it reveals the best qualities of this painting. Among them are:

water resistance - acrylic is inherently liquid plastic, which is why after drying it is completely waterproof and at least very difficult to damage in high humidity conditions;
the transparency of the painting may vary according to your wishes. Doing this is very simple: simply dilute it with water (however, no more than 20%);
Blending To get the right shade, to darken or slightly lighten the acrylic shade, just mix a few necessary colors.
Therefore, to the question: "Is it possible to make acrylic paint?", The answer will be unequivocal, of course, yes. And you can work in any technique, since acrylic is ready for any challenge.

How to learn to paint beautifully in watercolor
How to learn to paint beautifully in watercolor
If you paint with acrylic on canvas, you must comply with the following rules:

Before you start drawing, make sure the paints are in good condition. Keep in mind that acrylic dries quickly, and the drier it is, the harder it is to work with. Therefore, do not forget to periodically moisten the palette with water.
Start by drawing large pieces, change the large brushes for thinner ones. Think about it: It may be more convenient for you to paint large areas with a more transparent shade and make the details bright.
Dry your brushes periodically with a clean cloth.
Don't be afraid to mix different colors and mix paint with water in the correct ratio (no more than 20 percent of the water).

How to draw with acrylic paints on the nails?

The water resistance and vapor resistance of acrylic drew the attention of manicurists. They did not even doubt if it was possible to paint with this paint on the nails, because it greatly expanded its capabilities. A tube of this wonderful decoration material could simultaneously serve as the main layer, a translucent tonic and a modeling paste. It also has another very attractive property: it can be mixed with different solid particles, such as gloss and modulators. There are many workshops on the internet to help you learn how to make elegant drawings with acrylic paints on Polish gel.

Of course, the discussions about whether it is possible to paint with acrylic on nails covered with gel polish do not diminish, because many still consider this material to be too toxic for such close contact. However, we are quick to reassure you: High-quality art paint does not pose any health threat.

Can this paint be used to paint sheets of paper, and on which paper is it best to do so? This is a fairly common question for those using acrylic for the first time. And this is not surprising, because for this paint material, the correct base is very important. The fairly dense structure of the paints and some characteristics of its use do not allow it to work with thin and smooth sheets. Therefore, if you want them to rest properly on the base, stop choosing thick embossed paper or cardboard. This rule will answer you another very important question: is it possible to draw acrylic on wallpaper? This wall painting technique is often used in design repairs. And all because a small drawing made by the hand of a teacher is capable of completely transforming the room.

What wallpaper can I draw on? The answer to this is not so simple. On the one hand, the chemical characteristics of acrylic make it absolutely compatible with any material, on the other hand, painting relief embossed wallpapers is quite difficult (but realistically). Therefore, when deciding on the painting of finishing materials, first of all, focus on the complexity of the drawing and your skill level.

How to draw with acrylics on canvas?

As mentioned above, acrylic is absolutely compatible with any base material, so the answer to the question of whether they can be painted on silk or on any other fabric is unequivocal. Of course you can. However, before you start working on clothing, pay attention to the material of its manufacture. Natural fabric dyed with synthetic dye more resistant to frequent washing and constant mechanical stress than synthetic. Therefore, it is the composition of the material that will primarily determine whether it is possible to draw something on clothing and on what particular thing is best to do.

To apply an acrylic drawing to the fabric, use step-by-step paint or ready-made templates (this will not particularly affect the overall result). If you are working with these dyes for the first time, then there is a reason to practice with an old shirt first. Therefore, it accurately determines the number of brush you need, as well as the desired thickness of the paint.

What can be painted with acrylic paints?

As you already understood, the amount of materials that acrylic is compatible with is really amazing. With them you can draw on almost any surface, without fear of the possible consequences. Only the question is doubtful: is it possible to draw pictures on the face? There's no question about the excellent image quality, but if you can wash it , it's in question. However, the Internet is full of ideas of acrylic paint on the skin (or rather, products of it).

There is much to talk about the versatility of acrylic paints: they can also be painted on felt boots, on ceramic and on a concrete wall. They are even used on an industrial scale, drawing on factory plates or painting jewelry.

For drawing on wood, it is worth remembering that this material should not be painted without a primer: the material will absorb too much paint and the drawing will be uneven. This rule applies exclusively to unpainted natural wood. When applying the pattern to an already painted surface, a primer is not required. However when drawing it is still worth applying an adhesive layer on the plywood - it will provide a reliable adhesion of the decoration material and a smooth base.

We draw flowers with acrylic paints.
The technique of painting a rose or tulip in stages with acrylic is no different from that used when working with oil paints, watercolors, or gouache. This is often referred to when restoring furniture, accessories, and jewelry. The new material will be able to replace other types of coloring substances, in addition, it is also much stronger than them.

Acrylic coloring pigments are widely used in the restoration of toys. With its help, you can correct or rediscover the doll's eyes and lips, or even completely redraw your face.

With acrylic, you can also draw abstract paintings, use abstraction to decorate a vintage box, or transfer it to an old T-shirt. Honestly, it is not a big difference what to draw with this material. , no (both in winter and in clouds, and a tree is just as good).

There are no particular secrets to learning how to draw acrylic from scratch. However, you should know some tricks for working with acrylic.

First of all, you need to make sure that the paint is always damp - acrylic dries very quickly.

Secondly, always work with a jumpsuit, then it will be almost impossible to remove the pigment.

Third, check the quality of the paint. The point is, unscrupulous manufacturers often use harmful and toxic ingredients. This is why it is so difficult to answer the question of whether it is possible for pregnant women and young children to draw with such paints. This can be done if you fully trust the manufacturer and use well-ventilated rooms for work.

Many want to learn to draw, but are afraid to start. How to approach the paintings? Which brush and paper to choose? Where to start The "Paint from scratch" manual has answers to all these questions.

Here are the basics of how to start painting classes. Follow these tips, do the exercises, and you're no longer afraid of a clean slate. You will receive the necessary knowledge and basic skills. The painting will become closer, more understandable and will bring much pleasure.

How to learn to paint beautifully in watercolor
How to learn to paint beautifully in watercolor
Part 1. High School
1. Find an inspiring drawing object
It happens that you have already prepared everything, but you cannot find an object that inspires you. This must be taken care of in advance. Something interesting probably lay in the cupboards and drawers on the table. Look for items in sales, commissions, and supermarkets. Explore paintings by your favorite artists.

The collection should include objects that are pleasing to the eye - this is important to creating a successful job
An interest in color and shape will motivate him in the process of working on a painting. There is a connection between feelings for the object and the ability to reveal its abilities. You can do more than you think.

For the first image, it fits a simple symmetrical container of one color, for example, a regular cup of coffee. Book illustration

2. Learn about brushes and paints
Take a round, soft-bristled brush and compare your pile. Squeeze some acrylic from the tube onto the palette. Try applying undiluted paint with different brushes on canvas or watercolor paper. the strokes should be bright and relieved. Feel the differences in the strokes with different brushes. Add a little water and apply strokes again. The average consistency of the paint has the same color intensity as the undiluted, but its texture softens. And do this exercise again with a weak paint solution. Notice how quickly the paints dry the first, second, and third time.

3. Useful techniques for working with the palette.
The colors in the paintings that we see are usually obtained by mixing: the pure color of the tube is usually too intense. These techniques will make it easier for you to get the right color.

1 Squeeze the paint from the tube to the edge of the palette, leaving the distance between the colors. Use the center of the paddle to mix. Knead each other to avoid unwanted mixing.
Choose a pure color from the edge of the palette, and not from the top and not from the middle of the squeezed "sausage".
Intense dark colors, such as black (although not considered a color from a scientific point of view), add with caution - even a small amount can significantly change the mixed color.
Mix the colors together until the mixture becomes completely homogeneous.
Do not spare the paint. Squeeze as much as necessary, usually a circle the size of a ruble coin (for white, with a five-ruble coin). Paint consumption is an integral part of the painting process. If you save too much, don't learn how to use paint.
4. Learn how to get neutral colors
In any image there are neutral colors: "visually gray". Due to the low intensity, they are invisible at first glance, but this is the most useful tool for creating a harmonious color composition. Let's see how to achieve this.

Mix blue and orange in any proportion. Now let's try to change the color temperature due to the proportional ratio of warm and cold colors in the mix. If the result is more likely to be purple, try making a rusty color by adding more orange paint and then bleaching for a lighter peach color. If the first step is a rusty color, add blue for a cool color close to purple, and then white for a light purple gray.

Repeat the previous steps for another pair of complementary colors: yellow and purple, red and green.

Short vertical strokes connect pairs of complementary colors. The colors of each pair are mixed with each other to obtain two neutral colors, in each of which one of the primary colors was dominant: they are to the right of the corresponding parent. Book illustration

5. Primary, secondary and tertiary colors.
Draw a circle, then divide it into three identical sectors. Fill the upper sector with medium cadmium yellow, the lower right with ultramarine blue, and then mix the main raspberry naphthol red and cadmium red light and paint over the lower left sector.

On the color wheel for the primary colors, draw semicircles with centers at the intersection of the sector edges with the outer contour of the color wheel. Fill these semicircles with secondary colors, placed on the "parents": red light of cadmium on the border between red and yellow, dioxazine violet on the border between red and blue. Add yellow to the green FC and fill in the green semicircle over the yellow-blue border.

The primary color when mixed with the adjacent secondary gives a tertiary. Add a triangle to each side of the semicircle, six total. Fill in each triangle, focusing on the signature. primary, secondary and tertiary colors. Book illustration

Part 2. Drawing
6. Start with abstractions.
Abstraction is an interesting and easy way to prepare to work on a realistic job. It is important to choose 3-4 colors that you like to feel an emotional connection to the image. Draw a continuous, angular, or rounded line across the entire sheet surface with a simple pencil. She can cross multiple times.

Fill in the shapes of the drawing with the colors and shades, the texture of the paint and the brush that you like the most. Listen to your inner voice. The main task is to do what you want, forget about everything else.

We choose paintings
How to draw watercolors yourself? First of all, you need to choose the right paint. On the shelves of art stores they presented a large number of watercolor paints. Which are better to choose?

You should not look at the price category here. High cost is not always a guarantee of quality.

It is better to choose paints made from beeswax. The inscription "darling" should be on the cover. They have the most vibrant color.

Brushes are equally important. Which ones are best suited for watercolor painting?

The brush should be soft, paint well. Its tip should be pointed. The bristles of the brush should be firmly attached to the base. Squirrel wool brushes will be the best option. Their bristles correspond to the declared parameters.

How many brushes will it take? To draw small parts of the image, you need to buy a thin brush (number 1 or 2). For the main part: a larger thickness (numbers 5-6 or 7).

The palette serves as a kind of "eraser," a place to mix paints. Various colors of different colors are applied to the palette, mixed. The result is the desired shade.

You can buy a ready-to-use plastic pallet. You can also do it yourself. To do this, a thick sheet of paper is suitable, which should be folded around the edges.

Choose watercolor paper
The paper selection process should receive special attention. The fact is, watercolor is a translucent painting. Requires a lot of water when working. If you draw on plain paper, you can quickly get wet from the water. It is better to buy special watercolor paper. It is denser and thicker. Its surface is rough. Water particles get stuck on the rough surface of the paper. This prevents the spread.

Starting to draw
How to draw watercolors yourself? Having studied the main characteristics of watercolor paint, we know that it requires a large amount of water. The pattern is translucent, airy, flying. This effect is due to the structure of the paint.

There are 2 main watercolor painting techniques:

Dry equipment
Raw paper technique.
We are all familiar with the basic concepts of dry technology from childhood: we draw paint with a brush and draw. Depending on the type of drawing, you can pre-apply your outline with a pencil.

To obtain the desired color, it is necessary to immerse a brush in water, then in the necessary paint and apply it to the palette. After that, the brush is washed with water and dipped in a different color of paint. The resulting colors are mixed in the palette. The result will be the necessary tone.

What is the difference between the technique of watercolor painting on raw paper? This technique is quite interesting because it allows you to create an unusual effect. To do this, before you start drawing, you need to moisten a sheet of paper with water. Until dry, watercolor is applied to wet paper. When mixed with water, it fades, leaving elegant patterns on the paper.

Let's draw
So we have purchased materials for the job. Basic drawing techniques learned. Now you can start directly with the creativity process.

How to draw watercolors for beginners? For starters, it is recommended to try to study paintings. What is required for this? Consider the main lessons to familiarize yourself with paintings:

Learning colors. Take a piece of watercolor paper. Write your favorite color on the brush. Put it on paper. See what the effect is. Now increase the degree of pressure on the brush. See how the color has changed (it should darken). Now draw more water on the brush and dip it in the paint. Swipe the paper with a damp brush; the pattern will be translucent.
Mix of colors. Try mixing some colors. What shades are the result?
Put on a sheet of yellow, orange, red. Learn them What emotions do they evoke? Now apply on the sheet of colors blue, purple, black. What feelings have arisen now?
We are based on nature. Now you need to learn to show the objects around us. Put an apple in front of you. Study carefully. Look at what color it is. Try to draw it.
Practical work
After learning the basic skills of the art of painting, you can move on to freelance work.

We learn to draw the objects that surround us in watercolor. Look around. What you see You can draw a still life. To do this, put in front of some utensils and any fruit. Try to portray them.

What else can you paint with watercolors? There are no restrictions. Everything depends on the imagination of the artist. You can draw everything around us. You can portray your own made up world.

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